Shumard Oak - 'Quercus shumardii'Shumard Oak is a native tree to the southeastern United States. Shumard Oak is a type of deciduous southern Red Oak that is wonderful for wildlife and erosion management. It has a nice red fall color and is relatively disease resistant. It makes an excellent reforestation and timber tree and is known to live for centuries under the right conditions. Shumard Oak is drought resistant, yet can be found in nature alongside streams, swamps, and other bodies of water. With this in mind, Shumard Oak make perfect candidates for reforestation programs such as the USDA Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) and programs sponsored by the EPA.
|Common Name:||Shumard Oak|
||Deciduous Shade Tree|
||Leaves are simple, alternate, obovate to elliptic, 4 to 6 inches long, 3 to 4 inches wide, usually with 7 lobes, occasionally 9. Leaves are lustrous dark green above and turn a russet-red in the fall.|
||40 to 60 feet in height with an equal or greater spread. Can reach 100 feet in height or more in nature.|
||Zone 5 to 9. For an idea of your plant zone please visit the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map.|
||A pyramidal tree becoming more spreading, much like Scarlet Oak, at maturity.|
||Slow to medium.|
||Monoecious, appearing on the old or new growth; staminate catkins pendent, clustered; individual flowers comprising a 4 to 7 lobed calyx which encloses 6 stamens, rarely 6 to 12; pistillate flowers solitary or in few to many-flowered spikes from the axils of the new leaves; individual flowers consisting of a 6 lobed calyx surrounding a 3 celled ovary, the whole partly enclosed in an involucre.|
|Diseases & Insects:
||Anthracnose, basal canker, canker, leaf blister, leaf spots, powdery mildew, rust, twig blights, wilt, wood decay, shoe-string root rot, various galls, scales, yellow-necked caterpillar, pin oak sawfly saddleback caterpillar, oak skeletonizer, Asiatic oak weevil, two-lined chestnut borer, flat headed borer, leaf miner, oak lace bug and oak mite; in spite of this inspiring list of pest, Oaks are durable, long-lived trees.|
||A majestic and worthwhile tree for large areas, the Shumard Oak contributes various resources beyond aesthetics such as watershed management, recreation, and wildlife management, as well as trees for the improvement of urban environments. Oak is a component of ecological landscaping. Drawing in deer to its acorns and dried leaves, Shumard Oak is great for wild life plots and all quite drought tolerant.|
||Requires well-drained soil. Tolerant of most soil types.|
||Prune in winter and water transplants thoroughly and often.|
||Fertilize an area three times the canopy spread of the tree 1 to 2 times a year with a 10-10-10 fertilizer. Only fertilize an established tree.
||Dig a hole three times the diameter of the root system, with a depth no deeper than the original soil line on trunk. Break up the soil to the finest consistency possible. Place plant in hole and fill, compacting the fill dirt. Water the plant heavily to seal soil around the roots and remove air pockets. Water well, and remember to water regularly until they have started to grow.